Oral Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS or OMFS) is a branch of dental studies involves in treating defects, diseases, injuries, traumas, and the hard and soft tissue of the head and neck region. In Europe, it is considered as a dual degree as a specialty of medicine and dentistry but in India, USA, it is considered as a specialty of dentistry.
Many dental procedures are performed in the dental chairs such as tooth extraction, Implant surgery or simple trauma cases, but there are some serious conditions where the cases are taken to OT for treating them.
Some of the common cases of an oral surgery are:
- Tooth Extractions: Extraction of the tooth is not new. Historically, dental extractions were related to treating many illnesses in the past. Prior to the discovery of antibiotics, and pain relievers, infections related to a tooth were directly resulting in many health problems and removing the diseased tooth was an only option for such problems. At present extractions are done because of impaction or partially erupted wisdom teeth, teeth beyond repair from deep decay, root fracture, trauma, retained deciduous prevents the eruption of permanent teeth, extraction for orthodontic treatment to make space in the jaw during crowding for an adult patient.
- Corrective Jaw Surgery: Also known as an orthognathic surgery, or simple jaw surgery to correct conditions of jaw and face related to their associated structures and functions and is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The reasons for jaw surgery include:
- Joint dysfunctions are known as TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) dysfunction on both or either side caused by trauma
- Accident or trauma to the jaw.
- Malocclusion or incorrect bite.
- Problems related to clenching, or grinding of the teeth, results in excessive tooth wear.
- Difficulty in opening the mouth, difficulty in chewing food or laughing by wide opening the mouth.
- Incorrect jaw position, result in the asymmetrical face.
- 3. Dental Implants: Dental Implants are the very up-to-date procedure to replace missing teeth or to provide stability to a restoration. Our oral surgeon performs this procedure, the procedure for placing a dental implant may vary depending on the technique used by the surgeon, and by the type of implant used. The recovery time is as same as a normal extraction and patient can have a normal diet after a week from the procedure.
- Clefts repair: Cleft lip and cleft palate are the results of under-development of the jaws during the embryonic development. This result in a gap in the lip or opening in the roof of the mouth which extends posteriorly. In correcting the clefts completely, a team of professionals is needed and oral surgeons are one of the most important parts of them.
- Lesion removal or biopsy: Lesions, ulcers, cysts are managed medically by an oral surgeon and also take a small sample of abnormal growth or tissue for the biopsy and then send it for laboratory testing for identification.
- Facial infections: Any infection with the head and neck activates pain and swelling. These areas are very sensitive because of the cranium and its multiple pairs of nerves, arteries etc., and any infections in this area can prove to be life-threatening. It requires effective treatment with very skilled professionals who masters in the area. This treatment includes incising and draining the infected cells, as well as extracting the infected teeth involved.
- Snoring/sleep apnea: Surgical procedures are used when other non-surgical procedures do not work out and that mainly involves removing the soft tissues of the oropharynx (an area in the back portion of the mouth) or the lower jaw. Laser surgery is a newer treatment option.
To get treatment from the best oral surgeon book an appointment at Bluetooth Dental Studio.